Understanding mental health and mental illness

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Dr. Maxwell Adeyemi –

Dr. Maxwell Adeyemi

Most people are comfortable enough to go about their daily lives peacefully, either wrapped up in routine or completely unsettled for various reasons.

The danger of being destabilized cannot be overestimated, as the effects resulting from these situations manifest themselves very slowly and are generally not detected by the victim and those around them.

These situations can go as far as a very critical state which could push the person to external aggression, endangering themselves and others.

When a person behaves outside the norm, it may be due to mental illness – an illness that causes mild to severe disturbances in thought and/or behavior, resulting in an inability to cope with ordinary demands and routines of life.

Mental health problems can be linked to excessive stress due to a particular situation or series of events. Like cancer, diabetes and heart disease, mental illnesses are often physical, emotional and psychological.

It can be caused by a reaction to environmental stresses, genetic factors, biochemical imbalances, or a combination of these. With proper care and treatment, many people learn to cope with or recover from a mental illness or emotional disorder.

Examples of mental illness include depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, eating disorders, and addictive behaviors.

Many people have mental health issues from time to time, but a mental health issue becomes a mental illness when ongoing signs and symptoms cause frequent stress and affect your ability to function. A mental illness can make you unhappy and cause problems in your daily life, such as at school, at work, or in your relationships. In most cases, symptoms can be managed with a combination of medication and talk therapy (psychotherapy).

Traffic signs

It is especially important to pay attention to sudden changes in thoughts and behaviors. Also remember that the appearance of several of the following mental illness symptoms, and not just one change, indicates a problem that needs to be assessed. These symptoms must not be due to recent substance use or another medical condition.

In adults, young adults and adolescents: confused thoughts, prolonged depression (sadness or irritability), feelings of extreme highs and lows, excessive fears, worries and anxieties, social withdrawal, dramatic changes in eating or sleeping habits, strong feelings of anger, delusions, hallucinations, increasing inability to cope with problems and daily activities, suicidal thoughts, many unexplained physical ailments, substance use.

In older children and preteens: substance use, inability to cope with problems and daily activities, changes in sleeping and eating habits, excessive complaints of physical ailments, changes in ability to manage responsibilities – at home or at school, defiance of authority, skipping school, theft, vandalism, intense fear, prolonged negative mood often accompanied by lack of appetite or thoughts of death, frequent outbursts of anger.

In young children: Changes in school performance, poor grades despite hard work, changes in sleeping or eating habits, excessive worry or anxiety such as refusing to go to bed or school, hyperactivity

persistent nightmares, persistent disobedience or aggression, frequent tantrums.

Symptoms of Mental Illness

The signs and symptoms of mental illness can vary depending on the disorder, the circumstances and other factors. Symptoms of mental illness can affect emotions, thoughts, and behaviors.

Signs and symptoms include: Feeling sad or depressed, confused thoughts or reduced ability to concentrate, excessive fears or worries, or extreme feelings of guilt, extreme mood swings of highs and lows, withdrawal from friends and activities , severe fatigue, lack of energy or sleep problems, detachment from reality, paranoia or hallucinations, inability to cope with everyday problems or stress, difficulty understanding and relating to situations and people, alcohol abuse or drugs, major changes in eating habits, changes in sex drive, excessive anger, hostility or violence, suicidal thoughts, Sometimes symptoms of a mental health disorder appear as physical problems, such as stomach pain , back pain, headaches or other unexplained pain.

Possible causes of mental illness

Mental illnesses, in general, are thought to be caused by a variety of genetic and environmental factors:

Hereditary characteristics. Mental illness is more common in people whose blood relatives also suffer from mental illness. Certain genes can increase your risk of developing a mental illness, and your life situation can trigger it.

Environmental exposures before birth. Exposure to environmental stressors, inflammatory conditions, toxins, alcohol, or drugs in the womb can sometimes be linked to mental illness.

Brain chemistry. Neurotransmitters are natural brain chemicals that transmit signals to other parts of your brain and body. When neural networks involving these chemicals are impaired, the function of nerve receptors and nervous systems changes, leading to depression.

Improve your mental health

1. Value yourself.

2. Take care of your body.

3. Eat nutritious meals, avoid cigarettes, drink plenty of water, exercise.

4. Get enough sleep.

5. Surround yourself with good people.

6. Learn to manage stress.

7. Calm and relax your mind.

8. Set realistic goals.

9. Break up monotony or repetitive routines.

10.Avoid alcohol and other drugs.

11 Seek and get help when you need it.

Mental Illness Risk Factors

Certain factors can increase your risk of developing mental health problems, including:

-Having a blood relative, such as a parent or sibling, with a mental illness

-Stressful life situations, such as financial problems, death, breakup or divorce.

– Chronic medical condition, such as diabetes.

-Brain damage as a result of a serious injury.

– Traumatic experiences.

– Abuse of alcohol or recreational drugs.

– Being abused or neglected in childhood.

– Having few friends or healthy relationships.

-A previous mental illness.

Mental illness is real. The earlier it is detected and treated, the greater the chance of good results. If you have concerns about your mental health or that of a loved one, contact your doctor who will assess and refer you for further professional help if needed.

Contact Dr. Maxwell at 363-1807 or 757-5411.

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