Seven myths about mental health issues that psychiatrists want to debunk

Cartagena.- A guide supported by Associations of Psychiatrists of the Five Countries of the Region aims to dispel the most common myths about mental health problems And enhance that knowledge with some tips on how people live with conditions like Depression, dementia, bipolar disorder, developmental disorders, schizophrenia and other psychoses,

work, led by two professionals from Argentinian Association of Psychiatrists (you) started to take shape epidemic of COVID-19[feminine], when health services focused on responding to a health emergency. As the health system began to take over the rest of the problems, On-call counseling for symptoms or psychiatric emergencies increased between 20% and 30%. This was indicated during the first regional screenings. guide presentation Last Thursday in town Cartagenato which he was invited Country,

“You don’t have to look far to find people with mental disorders: we usually find them among our family, friends and colleagues. Sometimes they are ashamed to tell their loved ones because of the stigma that still exists today. In other cases, they go undiagnosed and therefore untreated, and so their condition continues to worsen. Pedro GargolloffFounder and Consultant Association for helping relatives of people with schizophrenia (AAFE) and Professor of the Biomedical Research Master at the Faculty of Medical Sciences National University of La Plata,

Presentation of the “Words Matter” guide at the Latin American Mental Health Summit. From left to right, Psychiatr Coral (Argentina), Sunquel (Chile), Gargolf (Argentina), Córdoba (Colombia) and Ordnez Manchengo (Ecuador)Kindness I Latin American Mental Health Summit

“Little by little, psychiatrists are trying to change our approach so that we see all patients for what they are: people who have a disease like no other and who in many cases require medical treatment”, have– they stated. ricardo choralePresident of the AAP, responsible for teaching and research Borda Hospital and professor at the Faculty of Medicine University of Buenos Aires (UBA). Together with Gargoloff, he coordinated the drafting of this document to prevent the spread of false beliefs, myths and stereotypes.

“The words we use to refer to mental health – the constant chorus – are important in defining how we present ourselves to this reality.”

Until the pandemic, 29.1% of people over the age of 18 in Argentina lived with a mental health problem, according to data recalled by Coral from epidemiological studies in the general population. Argentinian Psychiatric Association (APSA) and published in 2019: Major depression and alcohol use disorders were most prevalent. Meanwhile, in November last year, Applied Social Psychology Observatory UBA Psychology faculty finds increased symptoms of anxiety, depression and suicide risk, with a debt in the grieving process of those who have lost loved ones. Two months ago, 66% of the population aged over 18 believed that their mental health was “worse or much worse” than before the current economic crisis, in another survey by the Observatory.

“Covid has brought about a lot of changes. It changed the lives of all generations. and increased demand for care in services [de salud mental] adults and pediatricians. They are overwhelmed and this is happening throughout the region. Rodrigo Cordobaformer president of Latin American Psychiatric Association And that Colombian Psychiatric Association (ACP).

“There is misinformation about mental disorders and stigma that still translates into discrimination because of stereotypes or prejudice,” Argent Gargoloff explained. Kindness I Latin American Mental Health Summit

Words Matter Guide was presented at Latin American Summit on Mental Health and its Impact on Other IllnessesCo-organized by ACP, AAP and Laboratoire Pfizer.

A panel of regional references – integrated by Catalina Oberio, Martina Sobrero, Ana Clara Venancio, Marcos Yovino and Marianela Suárez – was added to the preliminary work of the Argentine AAP and AAFE team. They are ACP Cordoba; Jose Ordonez Manchengopresident of Ecuadorian Psychiatric Association, Mirna Santospresident of Psychiatric Association of GuatemalaYou Robert Sunkelhead of psychiatric department National Institute of Geriatrics of Chile,

“Mental disorders or illness are not the fault of the individual or those close to them,” he states in the manual. Like other problems, it is a . is a product of set of biological, psychological and social factorsFor this reason, professionals recommend don’t fall into stereotypes Avoid talking about sex or age and mental or psychological illness, as “this usually refers to suffering associated with loss of health and may or may not accompany mental disorders and illnesses.”

At the same time, they advise against using words such as “suffers”, “is a victim” or “suffers”. because it leaves patients in a “passive negative state” about their health when they mind disorders “They are not a barrier to living a full life with the necessary support and treatment,” the authors explained during the presentation.

talking about the mentally ill, upset, insane or alienated to someone with mental health issues
Talking about being mentally ill, mentally ill, insane or insane is “disrespectful and disrespectful” to someone with mental health issues.Shutterstock

having to talk about the mentally ill, upset, insane or insane “unworthy and condemnable” towards a person with mental health problems, according to the authors. The same applies when qualifying a person for a diagnosis: schizophrenic, bipolar, psychotic, for example.

Among the most prevalent myths he identified are:

“Present Misinformation about mental disorders and stigma from stereotypes or prejudices still translated discriminationThis is associated with a lower priority given to mental illness, leading to lower budgets for mental health care, Gargoloff explained. All of this maintains a lack of access to timely care without barriers to problem solving and general health versus general patient health.

According to experts at the meeting in Cartagena, it is estimated that 12.5% ​​of health problems encountered by the health system.

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