One in seven people suffer from mental disorders, study finds | Delhi News

NEW DELHI: Depression and anxiety disorders are the most common mental disorders and their prevalence is increasing across India, according to a study published in the Lancet Psychiatry.
According to the results of the study whose results were published on Monday, 197 million Indians (14.3% of the total population) suffered from mental disorders in 2017. Of these, 46 million people suffered from depression and 45 million suffered from anxiety disorders.

In Delhi, the year of life lost due to death or lived with disability due to depressive disorders and anxiety disorders was calculated at 459 years and 321 years, respectively, out of an average of 1,00,000 years.
Dr. Rajesh Sagar, professor of psychiatry at AIIMS, said that stress is one of the main causes of depression and anxiety disorders. “Among children, bullying mainly led to the two mental disorders,” he added.
According to Dr. Sagar, due to the changing social environment, the mechanism to deal with these diseases is also affected. “Before, in mixed families, a lot of the stress and anxiety was relieved because there were people to share their problems with. But now most families are nuclear,” he said.
Across India, the contribution of mental disorders to the total burden of disease in India in terms of Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) increased from 2.5% in 1990 to 4.7% in 2017 .
Mental disorders were India’s largest contributor to years lived with disability (YLD), contributing 14.5% of all YLDs in 2017.
The prevalence of depression is highest among older people, doctors said. State-specific findings published in The Lancet Psychiatry also highlight the extent of effort needed in each state to address mental health, which could serve as a benchmark for policymakers to plan approaches to reduce the growing burden. systematic mental disorders.
“The prevalence of adult mental disorders is higher in the southern states and that of childhood mental disorders is higher in the northern states,” said Prof Balram Bhargav, chief executive of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), citing the research findings. .
“Given the significant contribution of mental disorders to the disease burden in India, further research should continue to track the changing trends of mental disorders in different parts of the country,” he added.
Dr. Lalit Dandona, director of the India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative, said the high rate of depression among older people reported in this study is concerning and requires special attention. The significant association of suicide with depression underscores the need to identify and treat depression through broader community and health system efforts.
“Mental illnesses contribute significantly to the disease burden in India, as reported in this study. There is an urgent need to strengthen mental health services, integrate them into general health care and remove barriers such as stigma and access to treatment.

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