Everything you need to know about mental disorders

Abnormally happy or irritable mood is classified as manic/hypomanic, while sad mood is classified as depressed. (Representative image: Shutterstock)

World Bipolar Day 2022: abnormally happy or irritable mood is classified as manic/hypomanic, while sad mood is classified as depressed

  • News18.com New Delhi
  • Last update:March 30, 2022, 07:20 HST
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The birthday of famous painter Vincent van Gogh is celebrated as World Bipolar Day on March 30. The mental disorder is not as talked about as other issues like depression, anxiety, and PTSD. Bipolar disorder can be described as a mental condition when the brain suffers from an extreme change in mood and energy, hampering the ability to function normally. These mood swings can also lead to depression and stress, and the condition is also known as manic-depressive disorder.

Abnormally happy or irritable mood is classified as manic/hypomanic, while sad mood is classified as depressed. A person with bipolar disorder can suffer from either of these episodes or be neutral, however, there is no particular trigger for these mood swings. It can happen in seconds or minutes. This is mentioned in particular because people who do not suffer from bipolar disorder can also suffer from mood swings, but these are not very common.

Other symptoms of bipolar disorder include psychosis such as delusions, hallucinations, and paranoia. While the diagnosis usually occurs at the age of 25, the patient may begin to show symptoms in adolescence.

There are mainly three types of bipolar disorder:

  1. Bipolar I
    At least one manic episode, where the person experienced major hypomanic or depressive episodes before and after the manic episode. Found in both men and women.
  2. Bipolar II
    At least one major depressive episode, lasting about two weeks, accompanied by a hypomanic episode lasting about four days. More common in women.
  3. Cyclothymia
    Several shorter, less severe episodes of hypomania and depression.

In order to diagnose the severity of your bipolar disorder or to know in detail your condition, you must consult a psychologist or a psychiatrist, depending on the therapy used. An expert opinion is always preferable to self-analysis of your condition in order to receive appropriate treatment.

People around those with bipolar disorder should support patients and give them the confidence to get through this ordeal.

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