Changes in the mental health status of the younger population during the pandemic – The European Sting – Critical News & Insights on European Politics, Economy, Foreign Affairs, Business & Technology

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This article was written exclusively for The European Sting by Ms. Aida Marie Taveras Del Rosario, in her pre-internship to become a doctor, born and raised in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. She is affiliated with the International Federation of Medical Students’ Associations (IFMSA), a cordial partner of The Sting. The opinions expressed in this article are strictly the author’s and do not necessarily reflect the views of IFMSA on the subject, nor of The European Sting.


The Covid-19 is currently responsible for several deaths around the world. It all started In early January 2020, the Chinese authorities in Wuhan identified the first case confirmed by the World Health Organization (WHO) of the epidemic of a new coronavirus by March 2020 explaining the high transmission causing a real risk for Humanity. However, other viruses have appeared in previous decades such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), avian influenza, Ebola virus which they sprayed under special circumstances despite COVID-19.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) describe COVID-19 as several acute respiratory syndromes, the disease caused by SARS-Cov 2-2 has spread mainly from

person-to-person by respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes or speaks. Some infected people may not have any symptoms. For people who have symptoms, the condition can range from mild to severe. Adults 65 years of age and older and people of all ages with underlying health conditions are at higher risk of serious illness.

Currently, the virus has spread through this year with several changes in our daily routine over the past two years. On the positive side, we have several vaccines that can prevent the spread of the virus.

But what impact has the pandemic had on the development of the younger population?

Much research has shown that the characteristic of adulthood adolescence during the various stages of the pandemic could contribute to an increase in the sensitivity of the development of psychological behavior. Speaking in the term of neuroanatomy, the limbic system is the responsible management of emotions, especially the epithalamus, several research shows that during adolescence this area of ​​the brain is very immature and the cause is still being implicated , as well as the limbic. system is also the that socio-emotional center is likely to focus on protecting the immediate family and social group in the face of real or imagined threats, also The hippocampus, which has links with the limbic structures and the neocortex, has a role in integrating emotion with cognition. In comparison, the paper Glendon, Ian. (2006). Brain development during adolescence: some implications for risk taking and injury liability. Journal of Occupational Health and Safety – Australia and New Zealand. 22. revealed that adults showed greater activity in parts of the

the brains that create mental imagery, as well as those that can signal internal distress (these two areas are associated with a rapid and automatic response, for example, to danger). Teens, on the other hand, showed greater activity in the part of the smart hat that is associated with reasoning and judgment, resulting in a longer

decision making. This means that the adolescent is more able to adapt, make the right decision and think before acting on the new given circumstance than the new environment that adults make them think faster to survive in real time, therefore may be the reason the population which is in adulthood is surviving in the present state of the world but its health has deteriorated unlike the population in adolescence / young adults.

But why does the environment of young adults and adolescents have this decrease in brain development?

As we said before, the limbic system has the task of managing emotions, behavior and regulating our emotions in the social aspect. Along with this investigation, we can see that younger populations have decreased or increased in the evolution of this part of the brain manifesting itself on the psychology-psychiatry aspect by the cause of being isolated for a long time without any physical contact. with other people their age. In addition, many circumstances of the pandemic had to offer either to decrease the population with a mental pathology previously, or to have made people without any pathology before the pandemic acquires one. This study showed that there is more manifestation of symptoms in the behavioral aspect than in the psychiatric aspect.

Results

We asked 74 people in the younger population for these additional points:

1- Had you been diagnosed with a psychological pathology before the pandemic?

2- How has your productivity changed during the pandemic?

3- How do you think your mental health has changed during the pandemic?

4- Did you receive a diagnosis of pathology after the start of the pandemic?

5- Do you think that the environment in which you are currently (your house) affected you on your mental health?

The results showed that the population was severely affected in terms of productivity in the new environment manifested more psychologically than physically. There is a minimum difference shown of 15% that the productivity decreased compared to the same, but does not mean a direct relationship on people who had mental pathology before or after Covid-19 in the comparison in figure 2.4.

Conclusion

Finally, we can say that the mental health of the current population has a relation to the new environment, confirming the fact that adolescents have more capacity to grow in a new habitat, but they are more moderate in making new decisions about using the tools shown in the figure. 3.3 Therefore, we can say that the productivity is directly proportional to the environment in which we are exposed for the development of mental health.

Bibliography

1- Stephen Hauser, S. Andrew Josephson, Harrison’s Neurology in Clinical Medicine, 4th edition, United States, 4th edition.

2- Glendon, Ian 2006/04/01 Brain Development During Adolescence: Some Implications for Risk Taking and Liability. 22 Journal of Occupational Health and Safety – Australia and New Zealand

About the Author

Aida Marie Taveras Del Rosario, born and raised in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, is currently on a pre-internship path to become a doctor at UNPHU with the goal of being officially added to the medical staff as a general surgeon and to grow up and learn more about the psychology of humans and their environment. However, Aida has other knowledge in the fields of art, writing and many more, as she always said ” Put science and art in a bowl, mix it yourself will get medicine beauce is an art knowing how to heal others ”


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